Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://docs.prosentient.com.au/prosentientjspui/handle/1/10377
Title: The influence of birthweight, past poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis and current body mass index on levels of albuminuria in young adults: the multideterminant model of renal disease in a remote Australian Aboriginal population with high rates of renal disease and renal failure.
Authors: Hoy, Wendy E
White, Andrew V
Tipiloura, Bernard
Singh, Gurmeet R
Sharma, Suresh
Bloomfield, Hilary
Swanson, Cheryl E
Dowling, Alison
McCredie, David A
Affiliation: Centre for Chronic Disease, School of Medicine, The University of Queensland,Brisbane, Queensland, Australia..
Department of Medicine, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland, Australia..
Tiwi Land Council, Winnellie, Northern Territory, Australia..
Menzies School of Health Research, Royal Darwin Hospital, Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia..
Menzies School of Health Research, Royal Darwin Hospital, Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia..
Centre for Chronic Disease, School of Medicine, The University of Queensland,Brisbane, Queensland, Australia..
Centre for Chronic Disease, School of Medicine, The University of Queensland,Brisbane, Queensland, Australia..
Centre for Chronic Disease, School of Medicine, The University of Queensland,Brisbane, Queensland, Australia..
Royal Children's Hospital, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia..
Issue Date: 2016
Citation: Nephrology, dialysis, transplantation : official publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association 2016; 31(6): 971-7
Abstract: Australian Aborigines in remote areas have very high rates of kidney disease, which is marked by albuminuria. We describe a 'multihit' model of albuminuria in young adults in one remote Aboriginal community. Urinary albumin/creatinine ratios (ACRs) were measured in 655 subjects aged 15-39 years and evaluated in the context of birthweights, a history of 'remote' poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis (PSGN; ≥5 years earlier) and current body mass index (BMI). Birthweight had been <2.5 kg (low birthweight, LBW) in 25.4% of subjects and 22.8% had a remote history of PSGN. ACR levels rose with age. It exceeded the microalbuminuria threshold in 33.6% of subjects overall (25% of males and 45% of females). In multivariate models, birthweight (inversely), remote PSGN and current BMI were all independent predictors of ACR levels. The effects of birthweight and PSGN and their combination were expressed through amplification of ACR levels in relation to age and around the group median BMI of 20.8 kg/m(2). In people with BMI <20.8 (57.8% of all males and 40.3% of the females), LBW and PSGN alone had minimal effects on ACR, but in combination they strikingly amplified ACR in relation to age. Those with BMI ≥20.8 (which included 42.2% of the males and 59.7% of the females) had higher ACR levels, and both LBW and a PSGN history, separately and in combination, were associated with striking further amplification of ACR in the context of age. Much of the great excess of disease in this population is explained by high rates of the early life risk factors, LBW and PSGN. Their effects are expressed through amplification of ACR in the context of increasing age and are further moderated by levels of current body size. Both early life risk factors are potentially modifiable.
URI: http://docs.prosentient.com.au/prosentientjspui/handle/1/10377
DOI: 10.1093/ndt/gfu241
Type: Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Subjects: Australian Aborigines
chronic kidney disease
low birthweight
multideterminant model
poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis
Adolescent
Adult
Albuminuria
Australia
Female
Glomerulonephritis
Humans
Incidence
Infant, Low Birth Weight
Male
Renal Insufficiency
Risk Factors
Streptococcal Infections
Young Adult
Birth Weight
Body Mass Index
Oceanic Ancestry Group
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