Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://docs.prosentient.com.au/prosentientjspui/handle/1/10416
Title: Individual and household-level risk factors for sporadic salmonellosis in children.
Authors: Williams, S
Markey, P
Harlock, M
Binns, P
Gaggin, J
Patel, M
Affiliation: Centre for Disease Control (CDC), Northern Territory Department of Health and Community Services (NTDHCS), Darwin, Northern Territory (NT), Australia; National Centre for Epidemiology and Public Health (NCEPH), Australian National University (ANU), Canberra, Australian Capital Territory (ACT), Australia. Electronic address: shelleewilliams75@gmail.com..
Centre for Disease Control (CDC), Northern Territory Department of Health and Community Services (NTDHCS), Darwin, Northern Territory (NT), Australia. Electronic address: Peter.Markey@nt.gov.au..
Centre for Disease Control (CDC), Northern Territory Department of Health and Community Services (NTDHCS), Darwin, Northern Territory (NT), Australia. Electronic address: michelle.green@dhhs.tas.gov.au..
Centre for Disease Control (CDC), Northern Territory Department of Health and Community Services (NTDHCS), Darwin, Northern Territory (NT), Australia. Electronic address: Pip@boutlis.com..
Centre for Disease Control (CDC), Northern Territory Department of Health and Community Services (NTDHCS), Darwin, Northern Territory (NT), Australia. Electronic address: Julie.Gaggin@nt.gov.au..
National Centre for Epidemiology and Public Health (NCEPH), Australian National University (ANU), Canberra, Australian Capital Territory (ACT), Australia. Electronic address: Mahomed.Patel@anu.edu.au..
Issue Date: Jan-2016
Citation: The Journal of infection 2016-01; 72(1): 36-44
Abstract: To explore risk factors for sporadic salmonellosis at the individual and household level in children in tropical Darwin, where animal faeces contaminated with Salmonella is thought to be common. A 2-year community based case-control study of children aged 0-4 years residing in Darwin and Palmerston from June 2006. Variables included behaviour, health, food, family and housing characteristics. Environmental samples were taken from houses of case and control children. Of children whose parents were contacted, 59/131 cases and 95/222 controls were included. Salmonella was isolated from 41/56 (73%) case houses and 18/29 (62%) control houses (p = 0.29). Multivariate analyses showed breastfeeding 0.16 (p = 0.02), increasing age (months) 0.89 (p = 0.00) and daily vacuuming 0.18 (p = 0.06) were protective; consuming powdered formula milk 4.88 (p = 0.02), pet ownership 4.86 (p = 0.02), oral contact with animals 7.85 (p = 0.05), recent antibiotic use 10.01 (p = 0.03) and sweeping in the presence of children 3.73 (p = 0.04) were associated with sporadic salmonellosis. Salmonellosis in children under 5 years of age is associated with potentially modifiable risk factors other than food. Breastfeeding beyond 6 months, careful hygiene when preparing formula milk and around pets, frequent cleaning of infant play areas especially quick removal of animal faeces are behaviours likely to reduce childhood sporadic salmonellosis.
URI: http://docs.prosentient.com.au/prosentientjspui/handle/1/10416
DOI: 10.1016/j.jinf.2015.09.014
Type: Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Subjects: Animals
Breast feeding
Case–control studies
Child
Faeces
Formula
Infant
Residence characteristics
Risk factors
Salmonella infections
Animals
Breast Feeding
Case-Control Studies
Child, Preschool
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Multivariate Analysis
Northern Territory
Pets
Residence Characteristics
Risk Factors
Salmonella Infections
Appears in Collections:NT Health digital library

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