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Title: Burden of disease and injury in Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal populations in the Northern Territory.
Authors: Zhao, Yuejen
Guthridge, Steve
Magnus, Anne
Vos, Theo
Affiliation: Health Gains Planning, Northern Territory Department of Health and Community Services, Casuarina, NT.
Issue Date: 17-May-2004
Citation: The Medical journal of Australia 2004-05-17; 180(10): 498-502
Abstract: To quantify the burden of disease and injury for the Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal populations in the Northern Territory. Analysis of Northern Territory data for 1 January 1994 to 30 December 1998 from multiple sources. Disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs), by age, sex, cause and Aboriginality. Cardiovascular disease was the leading contributor (14.9%) to the total burden of disease and injury in the NT, followed by mental disorders (14.5%) and malignant neoplasms (11.2%). There was also a substantial contribution from unintentional injury (10.4%) and intentional injury (4.9%). Overall, the NT Aboriginal population had a rate of burden of disease 2.5 times higher than the non-Aboriginal population; in the 35-54-year age group their DALY rate was 4.1 times higher. The leading causes of disease burden were cardiovascular disease for both Aboriginal men (19.1%) and women (15.7%) and mental disorders for both non-Aboriginal men (16.7%) and women (22.3%). A comprehensive assessment of fatal and non-fatal conditions is important in describing differentials in health status of the NT population. Our study provides comparative data to identify health priorities and facilitate a more equitable distribution of health funding.
ISSN: 0025-729X
Type: Comparative Study
Journal Article
Subjects: Adolescent
Age Distribution
Child, Preschool
Continental Population Groups
Infant, Newborn
Middle Aged
Northern Territory
Oceanic Ancestry Group
Sex Distribution
Survival Rate
Wounds and Injuries
Cost of Illness
Quality-Adjusted Life Years
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