Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://docs.prosentient.com.au/prosentientjspui/handle/1/10541
Title: Constituents of smoke from cigarettes made from diverted nicotine replacement therapy patches.
Authors: Morrissey, Hana
Ball, Patrick
Boland, Martin
Hefler, Marita
Thomas, David P
Affiliation: School of Psychological and Clinical Sciences, Charles Darwin University, Darwin, Australia..
School of Psychological and Clinical Sciences, Charles Darwin University, Darwin, Australia..
School of Psychological and Clinical Sciences, Charles Darwin University, Darwin, Australia..
Tobacco Control Research Program, Menzies School of Health Research, Royal Darwin Hospital, Darwin, Australia..
Tobacco Control Research Program, Menzies School of Health Research, Royal Darwin Hospital, Darwin, Australia..
Issue Date: Mar-2016
Citation: Drug and alcohol review 2016-03; 35(2): 206-11
Abstract: Anecdotes of nicotine replacement therapy patch misuse associated with the introduction of smoke-free prisons have been reported by media internationally, including Canada in 2006, New Zealand in 2011 and Australia in 2014. This study identifies chemical compounds released through diverted nicotine replacement therapy patches when they are smoked. Two samples were produced: (i) shredded 21 mg nicotine replacement therapy patches rolled with tea leaves into a cigarette; and (ii) patches boiled in water and tea leaves, and then dried tea leaves rolled into a cigarette. The smoke was tested for nicotine, caffeine and toxins. High-performance liquid chromatography, mass spectrometry and spectrophotometry were used to detect the presence and quantity of nicotine and caffeine. A specialised laboratory was contracted to test the presence of toxins. Nicotine was liberated when the two samples were burnt but not if the nicotine replacement therapy patches were boiled in water alone. High concentrations of formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, acrolein, toluene, xylene and heavy metals were also released. Nicotine is released when diverted nicotine replacement therapy patches are smoked, as are caffeine and harmful toxins. These toxins have the potential to cause short- and long-term health damage.
URI: http://docs.prosentient.com.au/prosentientjspui/handle/1/10541
DOI: 10.1111/dar.12288
Type: Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Subjects: nicotine
pharmacology
prison
smoke-free policy
smoking cessation
Caffeine
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
Humans
Mass Spectrometry
Nicotine
Prisons
Smoke
Smoking
Spectrophotometry
Tea
Tobacco Products
Tobacco Use Cessation Products
Appears in Collections:NT Health digital library

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