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Title: The relationship between inflammation and dipalmitoyl phosphatidycholine in induced sputum of children with asthma.
Authors: Chang, Anne B
Gibson, P G
Masters, I B
Dash, P
Hills, B A
Affiliation: Flinders University Northern Territory Clinical School, Alice Springs Hospital, Northern Territory, Australia.
Issue Date: Feb-2003
Citation: The Journal of asthma : official journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma 2003-02; 40(1): 63-70
Abstract: Animal studies have shown elevated surfactant production in response to lung injury. In human airways, the contribution of surfactant to the airway epithelial barrier and importance of eosinophilic inflammation is increasingly appreciated. The relationship between blood and sputum inflammatory indices of childhood asthma to surfactant levels is unknown. In this study we hypothesized that the degree of inflammation influences the level of dipalmitoyl phosphatidycholine (DPPC) in airways of children with asthma. Sixteen children with asthma (ages 5.5-16 years) underwent venipuncture, skin prick test, spirometry, hypertonic saline challenge, and induced sputum during a nonacute phase. Sputum (sp) and blood (se) markers of inflammation (eosinophils, neutrophils, eosinophilic cationic protein [ECP]), were related to sputum DPPC levels and several markers of asthma severity (airway hyperresponsiveness, quality of life, FEV1). On multiple regression, sp-DPPC significantly correlated to sp-ECP (r=0.53, P=0.0048). Se-ECP, se-Eo, sp-eosinophils, sp-neutrophils, se-neutrophils, and inhaled steroids dose did not significantly influence sp-DPPC. Exposure to smoke did not influence inflammatory markers. FEV1 and quality of life data did not relate to any blood or sputum variable. A significant association between AHR and se-eosinophils, but not between AHR and se-ECP, sp-eosinophils, or sp-ECP was found. Elevated DPPC levels occur in the presence of chronic eosinophilic inflammation in airways of children with stable asthma. Whether this represents an inherent lung mechanism for epithelial protection remains to be elucidated.
ISSN: 0277-0903
Type: Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Subjects: 1,2-Dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine
Blood Proteins
Child, Preschool
Eosinophil Granule Proteins
Inflammation Mediators
Skin Tests
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