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Title: Paediatric surgical services in remote northern Australia: an integrated model of care.
Authors: Quinn, Liam
Read, David
Affiliation: Department of Surgery, Royal Darwin Hospital, Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia..
Department of Surgery, Royal Darwin Hospital, Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia.. National Critical Care and Trauma Response Centre, Royal Darwin Hospital Trauma Service, Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia..
Issue Date: Oct-2017
Citation: ANZ journal of surgery 2017-10; 87(10): 784-788
Abstract: Surgical services for children in the Northern Territory of Australia are routinely performed by general surgeons with specific paediatric training, supported by paediatric surgeons. In Australasia, indications for appropriate transfer of elective routine surgery in children to tertiary paediatric surgical centres have been contentious. To transfer all elective paediatric cases from rural locations would have significant social and financial consequences for families and the health system. This study reviews clinical outcomes for elective surgery for two common conditions managed by an integrated service of general surgeons and visiting paediatric surgeons, and compares them with published outcomes from paediatric centres. A retrospective audit of children undergoing orchidopexy under the age of 5 years or inguinal herniotomy under the age of 1 year at the Royal Darwin Hospital and Darwin Private Hospital between January 2005 and 2016 was conducted. During the study period, 66 boys underwent 80 orchidopexies at a mean age of 22.3 months (±20.4 SD). A recurrence rate of 5.5%, severe atrophy rate of 1.3% and total atrophy rate of 5.5% were achieved. Sixty-three children underwent 65 inguinal herniotomies at a mean age of 2.5 months (±4.2). A testicular maldescention and atrophy rate of 1.8% and recurrence rate of 0% was achieved. Children managed with this model of care had complication rates equivalent to or slightly higher than published gold standards. Considering the family disruption, cultural, financial implications and threat to compliance that transfer across vast distances entails, this model provides acceptable outcomes.
DOI: 10.1111/ans.14116
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: child
general surgeon
inguinal hernia
paediatric surgeon
Appears in Collections:NT Health digital library

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