Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://docs.prosentient.com.au/prosentientjspui/handle/1/10856
Title: A double-blind randomized controlled trial of ibuprofen compared to placebo for uncomplicated cellulitis of the upper or lower limb.
Authors: Davis, J S
Mackrow, C
Binks, P
Fletcher, W
Dettwiller, P
Marshall, C
Day, J
Pratt, W
Tong, S Y C
Affiliation: Global and Tropical Health Division, Menzies School of Health Research and Charles Darwin University, Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia; Department of Infectious Diseases, John Hunter Hospital and the University of Newcastle, Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia. Electronic address: Joshua.Davis@menzies.edu.au..
Hospital in the Home Program, Royal Darwin Hospital, Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia..
Global and Tropical Health Division, Menzies School of Health Research and Charles Darwin University, Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia..
Hospital in the Home Program, Royal Darwin Hospital, Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia..
Katherine Rural Clinical School, Flinders University, Katherine, Northern Territory, Australia..
Hospital in the Home Program, Royal Darwin Hospital, Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia..
Hospital in the Home Program, Shoalhaven Hospital, Nowra, New South Wales, Australia..
Hospital in the Home Program, Shoalhaven Hospital, Nowra, New South Wales, Australia..
Global and Tropical Health Division, Menzies School of Health Research and Charles Darwin University, Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia; Victorian Infectious Diseases Service, The Royal Melbourne Hospital, and the University of Melbourne, at the Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia..
Issue Date: Apr-2017
Citation: Clinical microbiology and infection : the official publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases 2017-04; 23(4): 242-246
Abstract: Cellulitis is a common skin infection resulting in inflammation that may take weeks to resolve despite appropriate antibiotics. It is unclear whether the adjunctive use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs hastens the resolution of inflammation in patients with cellulitis. We conducted a double-blind, randomized controlled trial comparing ibuprofen 400 mg three times daily for 5 days with identical placebo in adults with uncomplicated cellulitis of the upper or lower limb who were treated with intravenous cefazolin via an outpatient parenteral antibiotic treatment service at one of two Australian hospitals. Participants were assessed twice daily by a study nurse. The primary outcome measure was the proportion of patients with regression of inflammation 48 hours after the first effective dose of parenteral antibiotics (trial registration ANZCTR 12611000515998). Fifty-one patients were enrolled; 48 had sufficient data available to be included in the modified intention-to-treat analysis. Inflammation had begun to regress at 48 hours in 20 participants (80%) in the ibuprofen group compared to 15 (65%) in the placebo group (absolute risk difference +15%; 95% confidence interval -10 to +40; p >0.05). There was no significant difference in any secondary outcome. Ibuprofen appeared safe, with no patients developing renal impairment or necrotizing fasciitis. This trial demonstrated no significant benefit of adjunctive ibuprofen in adults with uncomplicated cellulitis. The trial was powered to detect a large effect, and hence it is unclear whether the 15% absolute increase in the primary end point in the ibuprofen group was attributable to chance.
URI: http://docs.prosentient.com.au/prosentientjspui/handle/1/10856
DOI: 10.1016/j.cmi.2017.02.036
Type: Clinical Trial
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Subjects: Cellulitis
Ibuprofen
Randomized
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
Biomarkers
Cellulitis
Comorbidity
Drug Therapy, Combination
Female
Humans
Ibuprofen
Lower Extremity
Male
Time Factors
Treatment Outcome
Upper Extremity
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