Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://docs.prosentient.com.au/prosentientjspui/handle/1/10857
Title: Intestinal permeability and diarrhoeal disease in Aboriginal Australians.
Authors: Kukuruzovic, R H
Haase, A
Dunn, K
Bright, A
Brewster, D R
Affiliation: NHMRC Centre of Clinical Excellence in Aboriginal Health, NT Clinical School, Flinders University and Royal Darwin Hospital, PO Box 41326, Casuarina, Darwin, NT 0811, Australia..
Issue Date: Oct-1999
Citation: Archives of disease in childhood 1999-10; 81(4): 304-8
Abstract: Northern Territory Aboriginal children hospitalised with acute gastroenteritis have high rates of acidosis, hypokalaemia, and dehydration. To determine whether Aboriginal children with and without diarrhoea have greater impairment in intestinal function than non-Aboriginal children, as assessed by increased permeability ratios. A descriptive study of 124 children (96 Aboriginal and 28 non-Aboriginal) hospitalised with and without diarrhoea. Intestinal permeability was assessed by the lactulose to rhamnose (L-R) ratio from a five hour urine collection. In Aboriginal children, mean L-R ratios (95% confidence intervals) were 18.3 (17.1 to 19.6) with diarrhoea and 9.0 (7.3 to 11.0) without diarrhoea, and in non-Aboriginal children they were 5.9 (2.8 to 12. 3) and 4.2 (3.3 to 5.2), respectively. In patients with diarrhoea, L-R ratios were significantly raised when accompanied by acidosis (mean, 22.8; 95% CI, 17.0 to 30.5), hypokalaemia (mean, 20.7; 95% CI, 15.4 to 27.9), and >/= 5% dehydration (mean, 24.3; 95% CI, 19.0 to 29.6) compared with none of these complications (mean, 7.0; 95% CI, 3.5 to 13.8). The high incidence of acidosis, hypokalaemia, and dehydration in Aboriginal children admitted with diarrhoeal disease is related to underlying small intestinal mucosal damage.
URI: http://docs.prosentient.com.au/prosentientjspui/handle/1/10857
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Acidosis
Dehydration
Diarrhea
Female
Gastrointestinal Agents
Humans
Hypokalemia
Infant
Intestinal Absorption
Lactulose
Male
Northern Territory
Permeability
Rhamnose
Oceanic Ancestry Group
Appears in Collections:NT Health digital library

Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.