Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://docs.prosentient.com.au/prosentientjspui/handle/1/10971
Title: Integrated Clinical Decision Support Systems Promote Absolute Cardiovascular Risk Assessment: An Important Primary Prevention Measure in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Primary Health Care.
Authors: Matthews, Veronica
Burgess, Christopher P
Connors, Christine
Moore, Elizabeth
Peiris, David
Scrimgeour, David
Thompson, Sandra C
Larkins, Sarah
Bailie, Ross
Affiliation: The University of Sydney, University Centre for Rural Health - North Coast, Lismore, NSW, Australia..
Top End Health Service, Northern Territory Government, Darwin, NT, Australia..
Top End Health Service, Northern Territory Government, Darwin, NT, Australia..
Aboriginal Medical Services Alliance Northern Territory, Alice Springs, NT, Australia..
The George Institute for Global Health, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
Spinifex Health Service, Tjuntjuntjara, WA, Australia..
Western Australian Centre for Rural Health, University of Western Australia, Geraldton, WA, Australia..
College of Medicine and Dentistry, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD, Australia..
The University of Sydney, University Centre for Rural Health - North Coast, Lismore, NSW, Australia..
Issue Date: 2017
Citation: Frontiers in public health 2017; 5: 233
Abstract: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians experience a greater burden of disease compared to non-Indigenous Australians. Around one-fifth of the health disparity is caused by cardiovascular disease (CVD). Despite the importance of absolute cardiovascular risk assessment (CVRA) as a screening and early intervention tool, few studies have reported its use within the Australian Indigenous primary health care (PHC) sector. This study utilizes data from a large-scale quality improvement program to examine variation in documented CVRA as a primary prevention strategy for individuals without prior CVD across four Australian jurisdictions. We also examine the proportion with elevated risk and follow-up actions recorded. We undertook cross-sectional analysis of 2,052 client records from 97 PHC centers to assess CVRA in Indigenous adults aged ≥20 years with no recorded chronic disease diagnosis (2012-2014). Multilevel regression was used to quantify the variation in CVRA attributable to health center and client level factors. The main outcome measure was the proportion of eligible adults who had CVRA recorded. Secondary outcomes were the proportion of clients with elevated risk that had follow-up actions recorded. Approximately 23% (n = 478) of eligible clients had documented CVRA. Almost all assessments (99%) were conducted in the Northern Territory. Within this jurisdiction, there was wide variation between centers in the proportion of clients with documented CVRA (median 38%; range 0-86%). Regression analysis showed health center factors accounted for 48% of the variation. Centers with integrated clinical decision support systems were more likely to document CVRA (OR 21.1; 95% CI 5.4-82.4; p < 0.001). Eleven percent (n = 53) of clients were found with moderate/high CVD risk, of whom almost one-third were under 35 years (n = 16). Documentation of follow-up varied with respect to the targeted risk factor. Fewer than 30% with abnormal blood lipid or glucose levels had follow-up management plans recorded. There was wide variation in CVRA between jurisdictions and between PHC centers. Learnings from successful interventions to educate and support centers in CVRA provision should be shared with stakeholders more widely. Where risk has been identified, further improvement in follow-up management is required to prevent CVD onset and reduce future burden in Australia's Indigenous population.
URI: http://docs.prosentient.com.au/prosentientjspui/handle/1/10971
DOI: 10.3389/fpubh.2017.00233
ISSN: 2296-2565
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Indigenous health
cardiovascular disease
prevention
primary health care
risk assessment
Appears in Collections:NT Health digital library

Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.