Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://docs.prosentient.com.au/prosentientjspui/handle/1/11088
Title: The Spectrum of Chromobacterium violaceum Infections from a Single Geographic Location.
Authors: Lin, Yi dan
Majumdar, Suman S
Hennessy, Jann
Baird, Robert W
Affiliation: Department of Microbiology, Territory Pathology, Royal Darwin Hospital, Darwin, Australia; Burnet Institute, Victoria, Australia yidanl@gmail.com..
Department of Microbiology, Territory Pathology, Royal Darwin Hospital, Darwin, Australia; Burnet Institute, Victoria, Australia..
Department of Microbiology, Territory Pathology, Royal Darwin Hospital, Darwin, Australia; Burnet Institute, Victoria, Australia..
Department of Microbiology, Territory Pathology, Royal Darwin Hospital, Darwin, Australia; Burnet Institute, Victoria, Australia..
Issue Date: Apr-2016
Citation: The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene 2016-04; 94(4): 710-6
Abstract: Chromobacterium violaceum is a bacterium associated with soil and water exposure in tropical regions and causes rare and serious clinical infections that are often fatal. We reviewed the demographic and clinical details of 28 patients with C. violaceum detected over 15 years from 2000 to 2015, from the Top End of the Northern Territory. Of these patients, 18 had infections attributable toC. violaceum Patients with infections were more commonly male (55.6%), and in the 16- to 60-year (61.1%) age group. Skin and soft tissue infections (50%), predominantly involving the limbs, were the major clinical manifestation. Water, mud exposure, and trauma were all noted as precipitating circumstances and comorbidities were present in 61.1% of the patients with infections. Of the 28 patients, 10 (35.8%) had C. violaceum isolated as an incidental finding or as asymptomatic colonization; these 10 patients did not require or receive therapy for C. violaceum bacterial infections. There were no relapsing infections in this group.Chromobacterium violaceum remains a serious infection, with seven patients (25%) in our series requiring intensive care management. However, the mortality rate (7.1%) in our series was far lower than previously described. This case series of C. violaceum infections from a single geographic area provides additional information of the characteristics of infection with this pathogen.
URI: http://docs.prosentient.com.au/prosentientjspui/handle/1/11088
DOI: 10.4269/ajtmh.15-0862
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Child
Child, Preschool
Female
Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Male
Middle Aged
Northern Territory
Sex Factors
Young Adult
Chromobacterium
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