Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://docs.prosentient.com.au/prosentientjspui/handle/1/11176
Title: Sequence type 131 fimH30 and fimH41 subclones amongst Escherichia coli isolates in Australia and New Zealand.
Authors: Rogers, Benjamin A
Ingram, Paul R
Runnegar, Naomi
Pitman, Matthew C
Freeman, Joshua T
Athan, Eugene
Havers, Sally
Sidjabat, Hanna E
Gunning, Earlleen
De Almeida, Mary
Styles, Kaylene
Paterson, David L
Affiliation: The University of Queensland, UQ Centre for Clinical Research, Herston, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. Electronic address: benrogers@uq.edu.au..
Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Royal Perth Hospital, Perth, Western Australia, Australia; School of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, Australia..
Infection Management Services, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Woolloongabba, Queensland, Australia; The University of Queensland, School of Medicine, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia..
Microbiology Department, The Royal Darwin Hospital, Tiwi, Northern Territory, Australia..
Department of Clinical Microbiology, Auckland City Hospital, Auckland, New Zealand..
Department of Infectious Diseases, Barwon Health, Geelong, Victoria, Australia; School of Medicine, Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria, Australia..
The University of Queensland, UQ Centre for Clinical Research, Herston, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia..
The University of Queensland, UQ Centre for Clinical Research, Herston, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia..
The University of Queensland, School of Medicine, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia..
Department of Clinical Microbiology, Auckland City Hospital, Auckland, New Zealand..
Department of Infectious Diseases, Barwon Health, Geelong, Victoria, Australia..
The University of Queensland, UQ Centre for Clinical Research, Herston, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia..
Issue Date: Apr-2015
Citation: International journal of antimicrobial agents 2015-04; 45(4): 351-8
Abstract: The clonal composition of Escherichia coli causing extra-intestinal infections includes ST131 and other common uropathogenic clones. Drivers for the spread of these clones and risks for their acquisition have been difficult to define. In this study, molecular epidemiology was combined with clinical data from 182 patients enrolled in a case-control study of community-onset expanded-spectrum cephalosporin-resistant E. coli (ESC-R-EC) in Australia and New Zealand. Genetic analysis included antimicrobial resistance mechanisms, clonality by DiversiLab (rep-PCR) and multilocus sequence typing (MLST), and subtyping of ST131 by identification of polymorphisms in the fimH gene. The clonal composition of expanded-spectrum cephalosporin-susceptible E. coli and ESC-R-EC isolates differed, with six MLST clusters amongst susceptible isolates (median 7 isolates/cluster) and three clusters amongst resistant isolates, including 40 (45%) ST131 isolates. Population estimates indicate that ST131 comprises 8% of all E. coli within our population; the fluoroquinolone-susceptible H41 subclone comprised 4.5% and the H30 subclone comprised 3.5%. The H30 subclone comprised 39% of all ESC-R-EC and 41% of all fluoroquinolone-resistant E. coli within our population. Patients with ST131 were also more likely than those with non-ST131 isolates to present with an upper than lower urinary tract infection (RR=1.8, 95% CI 1.01-3.1). ST131 and the H30 subclone were predominant amongst ESC-R-EC but were infrequent amongst susceptible isolates where the H41 subclone was more prevalent. Within our population, the proportional contribution of ST131 to fluoroquinolone resistance is comparable with that of other regions. In contrast, the overall burden of ST131 is low by global standards.
URI: http://docs.prosentient.com.au/prosentientjspui/handle/1/11176
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2014.11.015
Type: Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Subjects: Cephalosporin resistance
Escherichia coli
ST131
Urinary tract infection
β-Lactamase
Adhesins, Escherichia coli
Australia
Case-Control Studies
Community-Acquired Infections
Escherichia coli
Escherichia coli Infections
Fimbriae Proteins
Genotype
Humans
Microbial Sensitivity Tests
New Zealand
Polymorphism, Genetic
Urinary Tract Infections
Multilocus Sequence Typing
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