Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://docs.prosentient.com.au/prosentientjspui/handle/1/11225
Title: L-arginine and vitamin D: novel adjunctive immunotherapies in tuberculosis.
Authors: Ralph, Anna P
Kelly, Paul M
Anstey, Nicholas M
Affiliation: International Health Division, Menzies School of Health Research, Building 58, Royal Darwin Hospital Campus, Casuarina, Northern Territory, 0810, Australia. annaralph@bigpond.com.
Issue Date: Jul-2008
Citation: Trends in microbiology 2008-07; 16(7): 336-44
Abstract: Worsening drug resistance and the need for prolonged treatment in tuberculosis (TB) require innovative solutions including investigation of inexpensive, safe adjunctive immunotherapies. L-arginine, the precursor of nitric oxide, and vitamin D recently have elucidated mycobactericidal and immunomodulatory actions against TB and are deficient in people with TB. We review the potential of these agents as adjunctive TB immunotherapies and explore how comparative clinical trials might help clarify their relative importance in the human TB immune response. By enhancing mycobacterial killing in macrophages, L-arginine and vitamin D might have the potential to enable shorter duration of treatment, reduced infectivity and improved response in drug-resistant TB.
URI: http://docs.prosentient.com.au/prosentientjspui/handle/1/11225
DOI: 10.1016/j.tim.2008.04.003
ISSN: 0966-842X
Type: Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Review
Subjects: Adjuvants, Immunologic
Arginine
Cell Line
Humans
Immunotherapy
Macrophage Activation
Macrophages
Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Tuberculosis
Tuberculosis, Pulmonary
Vitamin D
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